Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment (AMSA)

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The Arctic is undergoing extraordinary transformations early in the 21st century. Natural resource development, governance challenges, climate change and marine infrastructure issues are influencing current and future marine uses of the Arctic. Increased economic activity together with the current retreat of Arctic sea ice presents several plausible futures for the Arctic's regional seas, the Northern Sea Route, the Northwest Passage, and the central Arctic Ocean. Continued sea ice reductions will likely lengthen the navigation season in all regions and increase marine access to the Arctic's natural resources. These changes represent both a challenge and an opportunity for governments and local Arctic communities. Of key significance are the effects of expanded marine activities on the cultures and well-being of Arctic populations, especially indigenous residents whose traditional way of life has been partially protected in the past by the very nature of the remote and extreme Arctic environment in which they live. The Arctic Council, recognizing these critical changes and issues, at the November 2004 Ministerial meeting in Reykjavik, Iceland, called for the Council's Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME) working group to "conduct a comprehensive Arctic marine shipping assessment as outlined under the Arctic Marine Strategic Plan (AMSP) under the guidance of Canada, Finland and the United States as lead countries and in collaboration with the Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR) working group and the Permanent Participants as relevant." The Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment, or The AMSA 2009 Report, was approved at the 2009 Ministerial meeting in Tromsø.


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 12
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    Air Emissions from ships in the Arctic
    The Arctic Council Working Group on the Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME) adopted a Record of Decision at its September 2014 meeting in Whitehorse, Canada inviting Arctic Council member governments to submit to the PAME Secretariat information on studies and assessments, both existing and ongoing, on ship air emissions (in particular black carbon) in the Arctic, methodologies for measuring emissions, and the effect of such emissions on the Arctic marine environment. This document consolidates the submissions of the several Arctic States to the PAME Secretariat.
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    International Voluntary Observing Ships (VOS) Scheme
    The VOS Scheme is an international program comprising member countries of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) that recruit ships to take, record and transmit marine meteorological and oceanographic observations while at sea. The VOS Scheme consists of national VOS fleets, each of which consists of a mix of commercial, research, fishing, passenger and private vessels. The VOS Scheme is coordinated by the Ship Observation Team (SOT) in the Joint WMO/IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM), a partnership between the WMO and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). In addition to the VOS Scheme, there are several supplementary ship data collection programs that share common features with the VOS Scheme.
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    AMSA Brochure