ItemState of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity: Key Findings and Advice for Monitoring(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2021) CAFFThe State of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Report (START) is a product of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) Terrestrial Group of the Arctic Council’s Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Working Group. The overall goal of the START is to assess the status and trends of terrestrial Focal Ecosystem Components (FECs)—including species of vegetation, arthropods, birds and mammals—across the Arctic, and identify gaps in monitoring coverage towards implementation of the CBMP’s Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (CBMP Terrestrial Plan). This report is a summary of key findings and advice for monitoring based on the START. ItemMeaningful Engagement of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in Marine Activities(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2021-05) Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME)This Reference Guide is meant to familiarize proponents of actions or activities in the Arctic and Indigenous Peoples and local communities with good practices for meaningful engagement. It is based on the Meaningful Engagement of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in Marine Activities (MEMA) Part II Report by the Protection of Arctic Marine Environment (PAME) Working Group. The Reference Guide connects to the findings of the MEMA Part II Report and to the MEMA Database containing over 700 documents related to engagement practices around the Arctic which can be used to further inform proponents and Indigenous Peoples and local communities of good practices and key lessons for meaningful engagement. ItemArctic Migratory Bird Initiative (AMBI): Mid-term Evaluation 2017 and 2021(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2021-05) CAFF ItemResilience and Management of Arctic Wetlands: Key Findings and Recommendations(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2021-05) CAFFThe purpose of the Resilience and management of Arctic Wetlands (RAW) initiative is to strengthen engagement on the roles and functions of wetlands as a resource to support sustainable development and resilience in the Arctic. Phase 1 (2017-2019) mapped the state of knowledge on resilience and management of Arctic wetlands in response to global drivers such as climate change or more local drivers such as changes in land use. Phase 2 (2019-2020) identified case studies of wetlands management and conservation, considered indigenous participation in wetlands management, and explored approaches to make national inventories more comparable; and Building upon the outcomes of Phases 1 and 2, Phase 3 (2020-2021) developed a series of key findings and recommendations designed to maintain and even strengthen the resilience of wetlands. Many of these findings and recommendations are highly relevant both within and outside the Arctic, and Arctic States have the opportunity to act as role models for sustainable use of wetlands. ItemMainstreaming Biodiversity in Arctic Mining (MBAM)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2021-05) CAFFThe Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Working Group of the Arctic Council began work on the Mainstreaming of Biodiversity in Arctic Mining (MBAM) project in 2017. The project’s goal is to provide guidance for the incorporation of biodiversity objectives and provisions into plans, operations, and other aspects of mining activities in the Arctic.