|dc.description.abstract||Shipping activities in the Arctic impacts on climate change, health and the environment. Introducing
alternative fuels in arctic shipping could significantly reduce emissions and impacts, as well as risk
associated with the use and carriage of heavy fuel oil (HFO).
Globally, alternative fuels are emerging as a viable option to oil-based fuels. There are currently 135
LNG powered vessels sailing, and a further 135 confirmed newbuilds. Biofuels and methanol are available
in certain ports and used in nice applications. Fully electrical ferries are now in use, particularly in the
Norwegian domestic ferry sector, with phasing in of more than 60 battery electric ferries over the next
few years. Hybrid electric ships are emerging in the short sea segment for offshore and passenger
ships/ferries. Hydrogen fuel cell powered ships are planned for first commercial application 2021.
On behalf of PAME, DNV GL has in this report assessed alternative fuels and technologies for potential
arctic use. The work is funded by “Funds for Arctic Environmental Cooperation” provided by
the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign affairs. Co-leads for PAME; Norway and WWF.||en_US