AMAP Assessment 2002: The Influence of Global Change on Contaminant Pathways to, within, and from the Arctic.
AMAP , Arctic oscillation , Heavy metals , Climate change , Contaminants
"This assessment report details the results of the 2002 AMAP assessment of the Influence of Global Change on Contaminant Pathways to, within, and from the Arctic. It builds upon the previous AMAP assessment of pathways of contaminants that was presented in ‘AMAP Assessment Report: Arctic Pollution Issues’* that was published in 1998. In covering issues relating to the influence of climate change on Arctic systems, this report also constitutes part of the AMAP input to the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) that is currently under preparation and due to be published in 2004. The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) is a group working under the Arctic Council. The Arctic Council Ministers have requested AMAP to: • produce integrated assessment reports on the status and trends of the conditions of the Arctic ecosystems; • identify possible causes for the changing conditions; • detect emerging problems, their possible causes, and the potential risk to Arctic ecosystems including indigenous peoples and other Arctic residents; and to • recommend actions required to reduce risks to Arctic ecosystems. This report is one of five detailed assessment reports that provide the accessible scientific basis and validation for the statements and recommendations made in the second AMAP State of the Arctic Environment report, ‘Arctic Pollution 2002’** that was delivered to Arctic Council Ministers at their meeting in Inari, Finland in October 2002. It includes extensive background data and references to the scientific literature, and details the sources for figures reproduced in the ‘Arctic Pollution 2002’ report. Whereas the ‘Arctic Pollution 2002’ report contains recommendations that specifically focus on actions aimed at improving the Arctic environment, the conclusions and recommendations presented in this report also cover issues of a more scientific nature, such as proposals for filling gaps in knowledge, and recommendations relevant to future monitoring and research work, etc. To allow readers of this report to see how AMAP interprets and develops its scientifically-based assessment product in terms of more action-orientated conclusions and recommendations, the ‘Executive Summary of the Arctic Pollution 2002 Ministerial Report’, which also covers other priority issues (Persistent Organic Pollutants, Heavy Metals, Radioactivity, and Human Health), is reproduced in this report on pages vii to xi."