Behaviour of oil and other hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) spilled in Arctic waters (BoHaSA).
The objective of the “Behaviour of oil and other Hazardous and Noxious Substances in Arctic waters” (BoHaSA) project is to gather and synthesize the current knowledge and expertise on the behaviour of oil and other hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) that might be released into Arctic waters as a result of a ship-source incident, an incident during oil or gas exploration and production, or an incident involving the spillage of oil or HNS stored on land. The project aims at promoting the development and use of technologies and working methods that improve the capability to respond to accidents involving such substances. The report is a state-of-the-art report based on a literature review of previous work including main findings from recent R&D projects. The report discusses the risk of oil and HNS spills in the Arctic, the potential fate and behaviour of such spills, and response methods available today. The main focus is on spills to the sea water related to transportation, oil exploration and production activities.