Good Practices for Environmental Impact Assessment and Meaningful Engagement in the Arctic
Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG)
The overarching purpose of an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is to outline the envi- ronmental consequences of a project for the proponent and authorities, the public and eventu- ally decision makers. It is conducted through a process of identifying, communicating, predict- ing and interpreting information on the potential impacts of a proposed development on the environment – and proposes measures to avoid, minimize and mitigate negative impacts. Pub- lic participation is an integral part of EIA. Incorporating views from the public facilitates more informed EIAs and subsequent decision-making.