Alternative fuels in the Arctic
Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME)
Shipping activities in the Arctic impacts on climate change, health and the environment. Introducing alternative fuels in arctic shipping could significantly reduce emissions and impacts, as well as risk associated with the use and carriage of heavy fuel oil (HFO). Globally, alternative fuels are emerging as a viable option to oil-based fuels. There are currently 135 LNG powered vessels sailing, and a further 135 confirmed newbuilds. Biofuels and methanol are available in certain ports and used in nice applications. Fully electrical ferries are now in use, particularly in the Norwegian domestic ferry sector, with phasing in of more than 60 battery electric ferries over the next few years. Hybrid electric ships are emerging in the short sea segment for offshore and passenger ships/ferries. Hydrogen fuel cell powered ships are planned for first commercial application 2021. On behalf of PAME, DNV GL has in this report assessed alternative fuels and technologies for potential arctic use. The work is funded by “Funds for Arctic Environmental Cooperation” provided by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign affairs. Co-leads for PAME; Norway and WWF.