Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines: Environmental Impact Assessments

As a part of the Oil and Gas Guidelines (2009), Arctic States were asked to submit Environmental impact assessment (EIA) procedures to determine the potential impacts of offshore oil and gas exploration, development, transportation and infrastructure on the environment and human communities so as to inform decision-making. Arctic countries use a variety of methods and approaches. Assessments may have a broad scope or be project specific. The responsibility for conducting the EIA or preliminary impact assessments (PEIA) varies from country to country.